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Microbial Population Biology
Gordon Research Conference

The Emergence and Maintenance of Microbial Diversity

Dates

July 9-14, 2017

Location

Proctor Academy
Andover, NH Site Information

Organizers

Chairs:
Eva M. Top & Larry Forney

Vice Chair:
Benjamin B. Kerr

Application Deadline

This meeting is currently oversubscribed (full). You may still submit an application. However, it will only be considered by the Conference Chair if more seats become available due to cancellations.

Meeting Description

The richness of diversity found in our microbial world is astounding. Understanding the evolutionary forces that led to the emergence and maintenance of this diversity will be the central focus of the 2017 Microbial Population Biology Gordon Research Conference. The conference will bring together thought leaders from a spectrum of disciplines to present and discuss empirical data and theoretical concepts pertinent to the adaptive evolution of not only microbes, but all other forms of life. The findings of basic research done to develop and test evolutionary theory, or to assess and model evolutionary and functional networks will be interwoven with studies done to meet the modern day challenges of emerging infectious diseases, the arms race of antibiotic resistance, sustainable use of natural resources, and global warming.

Significant advances in technology have accelerated and deepened our ability to explore the evolutionary history of life on Earth. The earliest ones were spawned by the seminal work of Carl Woese and colleagues who used phylogenetic analyses of rRNA genes to discover new life forms and to unveil the extraordinary species diversity found on our planet. More recently we have crossed the threshold of a new frontier in which whole genome sequencing has increased our insights to diversity within microbial populations, genome evolution, the genetic basis of interspecies interactions, host-microbe coevolution, horizontal gene transfer, and so much more. These insights are needed to anticipate and effectively treat or prevent infectious diseases that exact a high cost on the health of humans, other animals and plants.

Had Darwin seen the teeming microbial life that resided in his tangled bank he would have been even more in awe of the species richness and complexity of ecosystems, and he too might have speculated that we are just guests in the microbial world that will be described and discussed at the conference.

Related Meeting

This GRC will be held in conjunction with the "Microbial Population Biology" Gordon Research Seminar (GRS). Those interested in attending both meetings must submit an application for the GRS in addition to an application for the GRC. Refer to the associated GRS program page for more information.

Contributors

Meeting Program

Sunday
2:00 pm - 9:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmEvolution and Emergence of Infectious Diseases
Discussion Leader: Caitlin Pepperell (University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA)
7:40 pm - 7:45 pmOpening Remarks
7:45 pm - 7:55 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:55 pm - 8:15 pmLucy Weinert (University of Cambridge, United Kingdom)
"Genomic Changes and Ecological Contexts Associated with Emerging Bacterial Infections"
8:15 pm - 8:25 pmDiscussion
8:25 pm - 8:45 pmSam Sheppard (University of Bath, United Kingdom)
"Recombination, Introgression and the Evolution of Bacterial Genomes"
8:45 pm - 8:55 pmDiscussion
8:55 pm - 9:20 pmKathryn Holt (University of Melbourne, Australia)
"Population Genomics of Klebsiella pneumoniae"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Monday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmHost-Microbe Coevolution
Discussion Leader: Katy Heath (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:45 amStephanie Porter (Washington State University Vancouver, USA)
"Mosaics of Environmental Adaptation in Coevolving Hosts and Symbionts"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amAlex Best (University of Sheffield, United Kingdom)
"Ecological Drivers of Host-Microbe Coevolution: Some Insights from Mathematical Modeling"
10:25 am - 10:35 amDiscussion
10:35 am - 11:05 amCoffee Break
11:05 am - 11:35 amMichelle Afkhami (University of Miami, USA)
"Multiple Mutualist Effects: Understanding the Evolution of Mutualism in the Context of Complex Multispecies Interactions from Ecological and Genomic Perspectives"
11:35 am - 11:45 amDiscussion
11:45 am - 12:20 pmMichael Brockhurst (University of Sheffield, United Kingdom)
"Taking a Dip in the Mobile Gene Pool"
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
3:00 pm - 4:00 pmPower Hour
The GRC Power Hour is an optional informal gathering open to all meeting participants. It is designed to help address the challenges women face in science and support the professional growth of women in our communities by providing an open forum for discussion and mentoring.
Organizer: Susanna Remold (National Science Foundation, USA)
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmEvolutionary Consequences of Epistasis
Discussion Leader: Santiago Elena (Spanish National Research Council, Spain)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmSergey Kryazhimskiy (University of California, San Diego, USA)
"Genetic Variation in Adaptability and Pleiotropy in Yeast"
8:05 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:40 pmClaudia Bank (Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia, Portugal)
"Fitness Landscapes and the Predictability of Evolution"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pmDiscussion
8:50 pm - 9:20 pmMark Zwart (Institute of Theoretical Physics, University of Cologne, Germany)
"Exploring the Evolvability of an Antibiotic Resistance Enzyme"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Tuesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmEvolution and Spread of Antibiotic Resistance
Discussion Leader: Bruce Levin (Emory University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:45 amMiriam Barlow (University of California, Merced, USA)
"Predicting the Evolution of Antibiotic Resistance"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amRuth Hershberg (Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, Israel)
"Adaptation to Prolonged Resource Exhaustion and the Antibiotic-Independent Evolution of Antibiotic Resistance"
10:25 am - 10:35 amDiscussion
10:35 am - 11:05 amCoffee Break
11:05 am - 11:35 amMorten Sommer (Technical University of Denmark, Denmark)
"Collateral Sensitivity and Evolution of Antibiotic Resistance"
11:35 am - 11:45 amDiscussion
11:45 am - 11:55 amTalk Selected from the GRS
11:55 am - 12:00 pmDiscussion
12:00 pm - 12:10 pmTalk Selected from the GRS
12:10 pm - 12:15 pmDiscussion
12:15 pm - 12:25 pmTalk Selected from the GRS
12:25 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmEvolution in the Field
Discussion Leader: Omar Cornejo (Washington State University, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmLuis Barreiro (University of Montreal, Canada)
"Genetic and Social Determinants of Inter-Individual Variation in Immune Response to Infections"
8:05 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:40 pmSamuel Alizon (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France)
"Including Within-Host Microbial Diversity in Evolutionary Epidemiology"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pmDiscussion
8:50 pm - 9:20 pmRoi Avraham (Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel)
"A Framework for Single Cell Analysis of Host-Pathogen Interactions"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Wednesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmGenome Evolution
Discussion Leader: Joel Sachs (University of California, Riverside, USA)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:45 amB. Jesse Shapiro (University of Montreal, Canada)
"Origins of Pandemic Cholera from Environmental Gene Pools (and Its Fate Within Patients)"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amBalazs Papp (Biological Research Centre, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Hungary)
"Underground Metabolism and the Predictability of the Genetic Basis of Adaptation"
10:25 am - 10:35 amDiscussion
10:35 am - 11:05 amCoffee Break
11:05 am - 11:35 amLionel Guy (Uppsala University, Sweden)
"Fast Transitions Towards Increased Host Dependency in Intracellular Bacteria"
11:35 am - 11:45 amDiscussion
11:45 am - 12:20 pmAllison Hansen (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA)
"Determining the Role of Conserved Small RNAs in Small Symbiont Genomes"
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmNew Technologies Lead to New Opportunities
Discussion Leader: Clotilde Telling (Illumina Inc., USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmIvan Liachko (Phase Genomics, Inc., USA)
"A Rapid Method for End-to-End Genome Assembly, Pathogen Discovery, and Metagenomic Deconvolution Using Hi-C"
8:05 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:40 pmSacha Levy (Stony Brook University, USA)
"Using Random Barcodes to Find the Determinants of Genetic Diversity During the Early Stages of Clonal Evolution"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pmDiscussion
8:50 pm - 9:20 pmRamunas Stepanauskas (Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, USA)
"Single Cell Genomics: Sequencing Microbial Individuals"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Thursday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmEcological Interactions of Microbial Populations
Discussion Leader: Thomas Bell (Imperial College London, United Kingdom)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:45 amJose Montoya (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France)
"The Dynamical Core Microbiome: The Role of Interactions for Stability"
9:45 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:25 amOtto Cordero (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA)
"The Structure-Function Mapping of µ-Scale Microbial Ecosystems"
10:25 am - 10:35 amDiscussion
10:35 am - 11:05 amCoffee Break
11:05 am - 11:35 amSara Mitri (University of Lausanne, Switzerland)
"Evolving Social Interactions in a Small Bacterial Community"
11:35 am - 11:45 amDiscussion
11:45 am - 12:20 pmIvana Gudelj (University of Exeter, United Kingdom)
"The Impact of Microbial Community Interactions on the Evolution of Virulence and Antibiotic Resistance"
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmEffect of Spatial Structure on Biodiversity
Discussion Leader: Rachel Whitaker (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmSusan Bailey (Clarkson University, USA)
"Adaptation and Diversification in Spatially Structured Populations of Pseudomonas fluorescens"
8:05 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:40 pmSylvain Gandon (CNRS, France)
"Evolutionary Emergence of Pathogens in Heterogeneous Host Populations"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pmDiscussion
8:50 pm - 9:20 pmJay Lennon (Indiana University, USA)
"Eco-Evolutionary Insights to Microbial Dormancy"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Friday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture
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