Gordon Research Conferences
Meeting Details
Search:
  GO

Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels
Gordon Research Conference

Converting Sunlight into Chemical Energy

Dates

February 28 - March 4, 2016

Location

Renaissance Tuscany Il Ciocco
Lucca (Barga), Italy

Organizers

Chairs:
Fraser A. Armstrong & Heinz Frei

Vice Chairs:
Gary W. Brudvig & James R. Durrant

Meeting Description

Harnessing sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into high energy chemicals using systems made of engineered materials – artificial photosynthesis – has enormous potential as a scalable approach for generating renewable fuels, thereby replacing fossil resources. Research in this field has greatly intensified and scientific progress accelerated since the start of the Gordon Research Conference series on "Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels" in 2007, especially in the area of light absorbers and catalysts for splitting water into hydrogen oxygen.

A central theme of the 2016 GRC will be the recent progress and scientific challenges of integrating the light absorbers and catalysts into subsystems and complete solar fuel assemblies, with the goal of achieving closed photosynthetic cycles in which only water (and CO2) are consumed. Successful integration requires the detailed understanding of elementary energy, charge transfer and catalytic processes at every stage of the assembly to guide improvement of photon-to-fuel conversion efficiency. Advances in our knowledge, of mechanisms by which charges created by light absorption drive catalytic transformations, of charge-transfer processes across multiple interfaces and how they can be controlled, and of mitigating the high activation barriers of multistep catalytic reactions, are all critical for overcoming efficiency bottlenecks of the complex system. Novel physico-chemical methods of measuring these phenomena play a critical role for accelerating progress, as do rapid improvements in performance with abundant material resources that are readily and economically processed into components. Scale up of solar fuel generators encounters its own unique challenges that are receiving increased attention, while breakthroughs of molecular and solid light capture materials continue to expand the pool of components to choose from. Efforts by the research community on catalysts for carbon dioxide reduction are gaining momentum because of the need for renewable liquid transportation fuels, a formidable challenge that should benefit from lessons gleaned from microbial systems for hydrocarbon conversion. Participants, including younger scientists (the students and postdocs who may one day make the biggest breakthroughs) are encouraged to present their work in poster sessions, and some poster presenters will be selected for short talks.

Related Meeting

This GRC was held in conjunction with the "Renewable Energy: Solar Fuels" Gordon Research Seminar (GRS). Refer to the associated GRS program page for more information.

Contributors

Final Meeting Program

Sunday
4:00 pm - 8:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmClosing the Photosynthetic Cycle: Progress Toward Complete Integrated Systems
Discussion Leaders: Fraser Armstrong (Oxford University, United Kingdom) and Heinz Frei (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA)
7:40 pm - 7:50 pmOpening Remarks
7:50 pm - 8:20 pmMichael Graetzel (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland)
"Mesoscopic Photosystems for the Generation of Solar Fuels from Sunlight"
8:20 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:00 pmErwin Reisner (University of Cambridge, United Kingdom)
"Closed Photosynthetic Cycles Without Sacrificial Agents and Noble Metals"
9:00 pm - 9:10 pmDiscussion
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Monday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmRecent Advances in Understanding the Elementary Processes of Solar Fuel Production
Discussion Leader: Piotr Piotrowiak (Rutgers University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amAlexander Cowan (University of Liverpool, United Kingdom)
"Studying Interfacial Processes During Water Splitting and CO2 Reduction"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amTanja Cuk (University of California, Berkeley, USA)
"Charge Dynamics and Catalytic Intermediates at Solid-Liquid Interfaces"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amJohn Swierk (Yale University, USA)
"Characterizing the Interplay of Electron Transport and Recombination in Dye-Sensitized Water-Splitting Cells"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmGiulia Galli (University of Chicago, USA)
"Ab Initio Studies of Heterogeneous Interfaces for Water Photocatalysis"
12:10 pm - 12:20 pmDiscussion
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:30 pmFree Time
4:30 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pm - 8:00 pmPrinciples of Electrocatalysts for CO2 Reduction to Fuels
Discussion Leader: Mei Wang (Dalian University of Technology, China)
6:00 pm - 6:05 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
6:05 pm - 6:35 pmJens Norskov (Stanford University, USA)
"Understanding Trends in Electrochemical Synthesis of Fuels and Chemicals"
6:35 pm - 6:40 pmDiscussion
6:40 pm - 7:10 pmMarc Koper (University of Leiden, The Netherlands)
"Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer for Electrochemical CO2 Reduction"
7:10 pm - 7:15 pmDiscussion
7:15 pm - 7:45 pmJudy Hirst (Medical Research Council, United Kingdom)
"Insights into the Mechanism of Formate Oxidation/CO2 Reduction by Mo/W-Containing Formate Dehydrogenases"
7:45 pm - 7:50 pmDiscussion
7:50 pm - 8:00 pmGeneral Discussion
8:00 pmDinner
Tuesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmNew Catalysts for Fuel Generation
Discussion Leader: Marcella Bonchio (University of Padova, Italy)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amGuido Mul (University of Twente, The Netherlands)
"Metal and Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Assisting Wide Band Gap Semiconductors in Overall Water Splitting: Catalysts or Sacrificial Agents?"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amWendy Shaw (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA)
"Cooperativity Between the First, Second, and Outer Coordination Spheres of Molecular Complexes for H2 Oxidation"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amMarkus Ribbe (University of California, Irvine, USA)
"Hydrocarbon Formation by Nitrogenase"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmTomoya Oshikiri (Hokkaido University, Japan)
"Visible-Light Driven Ammonia Synthesis from N2 via Plasmon-Induced Charge Separation"
12:10 pm - 12:20 pmDiscussion
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:30 pmFree Time
4:30 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pm - 8:00 pmChallenges for Building Integrated Systems: New Architectures for Hierarchical Structures
Discussion Leader: Dunwei Wang (Boston College, USA)
6:00 pm - 6:05 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
6:05 pm - 6:35 pmHarry Atwater (California Institute of Technology, USA)
"Artficial Photosynthesis Progress and Prospects"
6:35 pm - 6:40 pmDiscussion
6:40 pm - 7:10 pmTohru Setoyama (Mitsubishi Chemical Science and Technology Center, Japan)
"The Realistic and Attractive Strategy of Artificial Photosynthesis for Industrial Applications"
7:10 pm - 7:15 pmDiscussion
7:15 pm - 7:45 pmShunsuke Sato (Toyota Central R&D Labs, Inc., Japan)
"Development of Metal Complex Photo- and Electro-Catalysts for CO2 Reduction"
7:45 pm - 7:50 pmDiscussion
7:50 pm - 8:00 pmGeneral Discussion
8:00 pmDinner
Wednesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmNew Materials for Light Capture and Catalysis
Discussion Leader: Xile Hu (École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amKyoung-Shin Choi (University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA)
"Electrochemical Synthesis and Modification of Photoelectrodes"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amGreta Patzke (University of Zurich, Switzerland)
"Cobalt-Based Water Oxidation Catalysts: Crossroads Between Molecules and Solids"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amJinhua Ye (National Institute for Materials Science, Japan)
"New Materials and Strategy for Light Capture and Catalysis"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmHaimei Zheng (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, USA)
"Synthesis of Novel Catalysts Using a Laser-Chemical Route"
12:10 pm - 12:20 pmDiscussion
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:30 pmFree Time
4:30 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pm - 8:00 pmBiological Fuels Production, Nature's Design Principles for Application in Artificial Photosystems
Discussion Leader: Brian Dyer (Emory University, USA)
6:00 pm - 6:05 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
6:05 pm - 6:35 pmDaniel Nocera (Harvard University, USA)
"Solar-to-Fuels with Engineered Microbial Water-Splitting Catalyst Systems"
6:35 pm - 6:40 pmDiscussion
6:40 pm - 7:10 pmJulian Esselborn (Ruhr University Bochum, Germany)
"Semisynthetic [FeFe]-Hydrogenases for Applied Research"
7:10 pm - 7:15 pmDiscussion
7:15 pm - 7:45 pmWei Huang (University of Oxford, United Kingdom)
"Engineering SimCells and the Potential for Biofuel Production"
7:45 pm - 7:50 pmDiscussion
7:50 pm - 8:00 pmGeneral Discussion
8:00 pmDinner
Thursday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 am - 9:00 amBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
9:00 am - 12:30 pmNew Physico-Chemical Methods for Artificial Photosynthesis Research
Discussion Leader: Wolfgang Lubitz (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Energy Conversion, Germany)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amPetra Fromme (Arizona State University, USA)
"Time-Resolved Femtosecond Crystallography of Photosystem II"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amRichard van de Sanden (Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, The Netherlands)
"Non-Equilibrium Plasma Chemistry as a Possible Route Towards CO2-Neutral Fuels"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amShannon Boettcher (University of Oregon, USA)
"Exploring Electrocatalyst-Semiconductor Junctions with In Situ Electrical Measurements and Device Simulations"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:10 pmThomas Hamann (Michigan State University, USA)
"Combined Photoelectrochemical and In-Situ Spectroscopic Investigation of Water Oxidation on Hematite Photoelectrodes"
12:10 pm - 12:20 pmDiscussion
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:30 pmFree Time
4:30 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pm - 8:00 pmNew Directions in Solar Fuel Technologies
Discussion Leaders: Gary Brudvig (Yale University, USA) and James Durrant (Imperial College London, United Kingdom)
6:00 pm - 6:10 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
6:10 pm - 6:20 pmJenny Yang (University of California, Irvine, USA)
"Molecular Catalysts for Aqueous Hydrogen and Formate Production and Activation of CO2 at Mild Potentials"
6:20 pm - 6:25 pmDiscussion
6:25 pm - 6:35 pmFengtao Fan (Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China)
"Visualizing the Photogenerated Charge Carriers at the Surface of Single Particle Photocatalyst"
6:35 pm - 6:40 pmDiscussion
6:40 pm - 6:50 pmJames Blakemore (University of Kansas, USA)
"Hydride Tautomerism in Hydrogen Evolution Catalysis"
6:50 pm - 6:55 pmDiscussion
6:55 pm - 7:05 pmYogesh Surendranath (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA)
"Designer Interfaces for Fuel Synthesis"
7:05 pm - 7:10 pmDiscussion
7:10 pm - 7:40 pmClifford Kubiak (University of California, San Diego, USA)
"If You Are Going to Make a Solar Fuel from CO2, What Should It Be?"
7:40 pm - 7:50 pmDiscussion
7:50 pm - 8:00 pmClosing Remarks
8:00 pmDinner
Friday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture
© 2017 Gordon Research Conferences Search | Contact | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Follow us: Facebook Twitter