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Natural Gas Hydrate Systems
Gordon Research Conference

Interfacial Science Advances Towards Understanding and Monitoring Gas Hydrate Systems

Dates

February 28 - March 4, 2016

Location

Hotel Galvez
Galveston, TX

Organizers

Chair:
Marta Torres

Vice Chair:
Carolyn A. Koh

Meeting Description

In the full spirit of the Gordon Conference, the 2016 Natural Gas Hydrates GRC will aim at linking the latest advances on our understanding of gas hydrate science at the most fundamental level to a myriad of current research issues of scientific, economic and societal relevance. Interfacial science advances can provide valuable insights to researchers working on a gamut of gas hydrate issues encompassing gas transport in pipelines, sediments and the water column; geo-mechanics and sediment-hydrate interaction; sensor development and monitoring strategies; applications and challenges in cabled observatories; numerical simulations of reservoirs; as well as field programs looking at gas hydrate formation, accumulation and destabilization in the Arctic, Gulf of Mexico, North Atlantic, eastern and western Pacific and Indian Oceans. The interface between two phases is a chaotic environment, where our classical framework of energy begins to break down. Despite this challenge, understanding interfacial behavior is critical to accurately predicting how macroscopic systems respond to a dynamic environment. New experimental methods have allowed us to look deeper into the interface than at any point in history, but this new insight has not yet been fully integrated in macroscopic studies. The 2016 GRC will focus on understanding the interfacial attributes of clathrate hydrates, and the next-generation tools used to probe them, in the context of recent advances in, among others, conventional and alternative energy, sensor and monitoring technologies, microbiology and system ecology, rock mechanics, slope stability and climate issues.

Related Meeting

This GRC was held in conjunction with the "Natural Gas Hydrate Systems" Gordon Research Seminar (GRS). Refer to the associated GRS program page for more information.

Contributors

Final Meeting Program

Sunday
4:00 pm - 8:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmKeynote Session: Processes at the Interface: From Micro to Macro Scales
Discussion Leader: Judith Schicks (Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam, Germany)
7:40 pm - 7:50 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:50 pm - 8:25 pmZachary Aman (The University of Western Australia, Australia)
"Gas Hydrate Interfacial Phenomena: Impact on Hydrate Growth and Transportability"
8:25 pm - 8:35 pmDiscussion
8:35 pm - 9:10 pmAndrzej Falenty (Georg-August University of Göttingen, Germany)
"Gas Migration in Clathrate Hydrates: To What Extent Can We Translate Laboratory Results to Real Systems and Why the Devil Is Always in Details?"
9:10 pm - 9:20 pmDiscussion
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Monday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmInterface Science in Methane Transport: Pipes, Sediment and Water
Discussion Leader: Jefferson Creek (Colorado School of Mines, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:45 amLuis Zerpa (Colorado School of Mines, USA)
"The Role of Fluid-Fluid and Fluid-Solid Interfaces on Hydrate Formation and Transportability in Pipelines"
9:45 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:05 amScott Socolofsky (Texas A&M University, USA)
"Observations and Modeling of Natural Gas Seeps in the Deep Ocean"
11:05 am - 11:20 amDiscussion
11:20 am - 11:55 amDaniel McGinnis (University of Geneva, Switzerland)
"Methane Bubbles in Natural Waters: Examining Their Source, Fate and Effect on Their Environment"
11:55 am - 12:10 pmDiscussion
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
3:00 pm - 4:00 pmPower Hour
The GRC Power Hour is an optional informal gathering open to all meeting participants. It is designed to help address the challenges women face in science and support the professional growth of women in our communities by providing an open forum for discussion and mentoring.
Organizer: Miriam Kastner (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USA)
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmGas Hydrates and Energy: New Assessment and Production Strategies
Discussion Leader: Yongkoo Seol (National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:15 pmErik Spangenberg (Helmholtz-Zentrum Potsdam, Germany)
"Benefits and Constrains of Laboratory Scale Hydrate Production Tests"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:05 pmTimothy Collett (U.S. Geological Survey, USA)
"Gas Hydrate Field Production Testing: Lessons Learned and Future Plans"
9:05 pm - 9:20 pmDiscussion
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Tuesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmSediment-Hydrate-Water Interface: Geomechanics
Discussion Leader: Ann Cook (Ohio State University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:45 amJocelyn Grozic (University of Calgary, Canada)
"Evaluating the Link Between Natural Intact Hydrate Bearing Sediments and Their Laboratory Analogues"
9:45 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:05 amTae-Hyuk Kwon (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea)
"Roles of Clays in Gas Hydrate Dissociation and Gas Production in Hydrate-Bearing Sediments"
11:05 am - 11:20 amDiscussion
11:20 am - 11:55 amNabil Sultan (French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (IFREMER), France)
"Hydro-Mechanical Behavior of Hydrate-Bearing Sediments from In Situ Piezocone and Piezometer Measurements"
11:55 am - 12:10 pmDiscussion
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmSediment-Hydrate-Water Interface: Slope Stability
Discussion Leader: Brandon Dugan (Rice University, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:15 pmMatthew Hornbach (Southern Methodist University, USA)
"Methane Hydrates and Slope Failure on the U.S. East Coast: After 40 Years, What Have We Learned and What's Next?"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:05 pmJoshu Mountjoy (National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), New Zealand)
"Large Creepy Landslides Controlled by Gas Hydrates. Rheological Control or Cyclic Gas Flux from the Base of Hydrate Stability"
9:05 pm - 9:20 pmDiscussion
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Wednesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmChallenges and Opportunities for Sensor Technology Applications
Discussion Leader: Robert Collier (Oregon State University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:45 amMiriam Roemer (University of Bremen, Center for Marine Environmental Sciences (MARUM), Germany)
"Detection and Quantification of Natural Marine Gas Emissions by Sequential Use of Ship- and AUV-Based Hydroacoustic Measurements Combined with Direct Seafloor Observations"
9:45 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:05 amAnna Michel (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA)
"Bringing the Analytical Lab to the Ocean with In Situ Laser-Based Spectroscopic Sensors"
11:05 am - 11:20 amDiscussion
11:20 am - 11:55 amHeike Ebendorff-Heidepriem (The University of Adelaide, Australia)
"Taming the Light in Optical Fibres for Sensing"
11:55 am - 12:10 pmDiscussion
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmNew OOI Node on Hydrate Ridge
Discussion Leader: Evan Solomon (University of Washington, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:15 pmDeborah Kelley (University of Washington, USA)
"Real-Time Multidisciplinary Monitoring of a Highly Dynamic Methane Seep: The OOI Cabled Array at Southern Hydrate Ridge"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:05 pmAndrew Thurber (Oregon State University, USA)
"Thinking Beyond the Now at the Hydrate Ridges OOI Node: Using Power and Data Streams to Drive Hydrate Research in Novel Directions"
9:05 pm - 9:20 pmDiscussion
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Thursday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmRecent Results from the Field
Discussion Leaders: Peter Linke (Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel (GEOMAR), Germany) and Marco Terzariol (King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:45 amGiuliana Panieri (CAGE - Centre for Arctic Gas Hydrate, Environment and Climate, UiT, Norway)
"Recent Results on Gas Hydrate Research in the Arctic"
9:45 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:05 amHeiko Sahling (University of Bremen, Center for Marine Environmental Sciences (MARUM), Germany)
"Intensive Gas Emissions Associated with Asphalt Volcanoes in the Southern Gulf of Mexico"
11:05 am - 11:20 amDiscussion
11:20 am - 11:30 amGeneral Discussion
Young Investigator Presentations
11:30 am - 11:35 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
11:35 am - 11:45 amXiaojing Fu (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA)
"A Modeling Approach to Investigate the Fate of Methane Gas Bubbles in a Water Column"
11:45 am - 11:50 amDiscussion
11:50 am - 12:00 pmDylan Meyer (University of Texas at Austin, USA)
"Methane Hydrate Formation in a Saturated, Coarse-Grained Sample Through the Induction of a Propagating Gas Front"
12:00 pm - 12:05 pmDiscussion
12:05 pm - 12:15 pmMarkus Loher (University of Bremen / MARUM, Germany)
"Gas Hydrates Fueling Methane Seepage at Venere Mud Volcano in the Calabrian Arc (Central Mediterranean)"
12:15 pm - 12:20 pmDiscussion
12:20 pm - 12:30 pmGeneral Discussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmMicrobiology at the Interfaces
Discussion Leader: Tina Treude (University of California, Los Angeles, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:15 pmFumio Inagaki (Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC), Japan)
"The Deep Mud-Volcano Biosphere Associated with the Nankai Accretionary Complex"
8:15 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:05 pmMatthew Saxton (University of Georgia, USA)
"Environmental and Microbial Regulation of Hydrate-Derived Methane Fluxes in Gulf of Mexico Sediments and Waters"
9:05 pm - 9:20 pmDiscussion
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Friday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture

This material is based upon work supported by the Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory under Award Number DE-FE0027266. This report was prepared as an account of work sponsored by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, makes any warranty, express or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. The views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof.

This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Geological Survey under Grant/Cooperative Agreement No. G16AP00026. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the opinions or policies of the U.S. Geological Survey. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute their endorsement by the U.S. Geological Survey.
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