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Ocean Global Change Biology
Gordon Research Conference

Classifying Biotic Responses to a Rapidly Changing Ocean: From Genes to Ecosystems

Dates

July 17-22, 2016

Location

Waterville Valley
Waterville Valley, NH

Organizers

Chair:
Philip Boyd

Vice Chair:
Gretchen E. Hofmann

Meeting Description

The term Ocean Global Change Biology encapsulates climate-change mediated shifts in a wide range of oceanic conditions, the rate and magnitude of which will likely lead to altered physiological performance and changes in ecosystem status for biota in all oceanic regions.

This meeting will build on the inaugural 2014 Gordon Research Conference, which explored the "Interactive Effects of Multiple Global Change Variables", by providing a thematic framework to categorize the myriad different responses of marine organisms to ocean global change. Such a framework is needed to map the current boundaries of our understanding of this fledgling research field. Together, a wide range of ocean observations, modelling simulations and the findings from manipulation experiments reveal diverse responses to ocean global change. The responses extend from no change to pronounced detrimental or beneficial effects on marine life, regardless of whether they are microbes or apex predators. Organismal responses manifest themselves in many different ways – from physiological acclimation to microevolution – and collectively provide insights into foodweb responses to complex changes in oceanic conditions.

Nine thematic sessions will build a comprehensive picture of the progress made to date and the challenges that lie ahead. This GRC will develop the map needed to enable this research community to prioritize mid-term foci needed to meet longer term scientific goals.

Related Meeting

This GRC was held in conjunction with the "Ocean Global Change Biology" Gordon Research Seminar (GRS). Refer to the associated GRS program page for more information.

Contributors

Final Meeting Program

Sunday
2:00 pm - 9:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmAdvances in Ocean Global Change Biology Research
Discussion Leader: David Hutchins (University of Southern California, USA)
7:40 pm - 7:50 pmOpening Remarks
7:50 pm - 8:00 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
8:00 pm - 8:20 pmAndrew Barton (Princeton University, USA)
"Linking Climate Variability to Changes in Plankton Biodiversity and Biogeography"
8:20 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 8:50 pmThorsten Reusch (GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany)
"The Evolution of Phytoplankton Thermal Reaction Norms"
8:50 pm - 9:00 pmDiscussion
9:00 pm - 9:20 pmJean-Pierre Gattuso (Pierre and Marie Curie University / CNRS / IDDRI, France)
"Implications of the Paris Agreement for Ocean Global Change Biology"
9:20 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Monday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmMulti-Stressors in the Coastal Ocean
Discussion Leader: Gretchen Hofmann (University of California, Santa Barbara, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amFrank Melzner (GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany)
"Impacts of Climate Change on Calcifying Invertebrates in a Brackish Upwelling System"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amFrancis Chan (Oregon State University, USA)
"The Progression of Ocean Acidification and Hypoxia in the California Current and the Challenges of No-Analog State Science"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amGroup Photo / Coffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amMadeleine van Oppen (Australian Institute of Marine Science / The University of Melbourne, Australia)
"Building Coral Reef Resilience Through Assisted Evolution"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:00 pmGeneral Discussion
12:00 pm - 12:30 pmPoster Previews
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmLessons in Studying Multi-Stressors from Other Disciplines: Ecotoxicology, Freshwater Research and Fisheries
Discussion Leader: Denise Breitburg (Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmDavid Costantini (University of Antwerp, Belgium)
"Hormetic Priming in Changing Environments"
8:05 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:40 pmCraig Williamson (Miami University, USA)
"Global Change Limnology: Sentinel Responses of Lakes to Climate Change and Implications for Coastal Marine Ecosystems"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pmDiscussion
8:50 pm - 9:15 pmDavid Secor (University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, USA)
"Fisheries Stewardship Under Dynamic Seascapes"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Tuesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmThe Quest for Unifying Concepts in Ocean Global Change Studies: Energetics, Biophysics and Trait-Based Research
Discussion Leader: Brian Helmuth (Northeastern University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amInna Sokolova (University of Rostock, Germany / University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA)
"Bioenergetic Approaches to Understand and Predict the Integrated Effects of Multiple Stressors"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amMark Denny (Stanford University, USA)
"From Environment to Performance: The Role of Variability in the Consequences of Climate Change"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amBecca Kordas (Imperial College London, United Kingdom)
"Using Bioenergetics to Scale up from Individual to Community Responses to a Changing Climate"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:00 pmGeneral Discussion
12:00 pm - 12:30 pmPoster Previews
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmAdaptation, Microevolution, and Evolutionary Rescue
Discussion Leader: Sinead Collins (University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmAndrew Hendry (McGill University, Canada)
"Eco-Evolutionary Dynamics"
8:05 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:40 pmJosianne Lachapelle (University of Toronto, Canada)
"Extinction, Plasticity, and Adaptation to Marine Conditions in Experimental Populations of a Freshwater Alga"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pmDiscussion
8:50 pm - 9:15 pmGabriel Yvon-Durocher (University of Exeter, United Kingdom)
"The Evolution of Thermal Tolerance in Phytoplankton"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Wednesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmMulti-Stressors Across Foodwebs: Effects of Differential Vulnerability and the Role of Species Interactions
Discussion Leader: Cathy Pfister (University of Chicago, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amSophie McCoy (Florida State University, USA)
"Interaction Strengths as Indicators of Ecological Function Amongst Long-Lived Species in a Changing Ocean Environment"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amSean Connell (University of Adelaide, Australia)
"Ecological Buffers to Local and Global Change: A Role for Trophic and Functional Compensation"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amDouglas Rasher (University of Maine, USA)
"Climate Change Intensifies the Cascading Effects of Predator Loss in Subarctic Kelp Forests"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:00 pmGeneral Discussion
12:00 pm - 12:30 pmPoster Previews
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmThe Importance of Experimental Design in Ocean Global Change Studies
Discussion Leader: Jean-Pierre Gattuso (Pierre and Marie Curie University / CNRS / IDDRI, France)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:05 pmChristopher Cornwall (University of Western Australia, Australia)
"Experimental Design in Ocean Acidification Research: Problems and Solutions"
8:05 pm - 8:15 pmDiscussion
8:15 pm - 8:40 pmUlf Riebesell (GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany)
"Lessons Learned from Ocean Acidification Research: The Coccolithophore Perspective"
8:40 pm - 8:50 pmDiscussion
8:50 pm - 9:15 pmJonathan Havenhand (University of Gothenburg, Sweden)
"Down the Rabbit Hole: Cautionary Tales and Consequences of Multifactor Experiments"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Thursday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmModeling of Multiple Stressors – From Physiology to Biogeochemistry
Discussion Leader: Andrew Barton (Princeton University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:40 amPhilip Boyd (University of Tasmania, Australia)
"Modelling Plankton Ecophysiology for Climate Change Predictions: Challenges and Opportunities"
9:40 am - 9:50 amDiscussion
9:50 am - 10:20 amKenneth Denman (School of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of Victoria, Canada)
"A Model Simulation of the Adaptive Evolution Through Mutation of the Coccolithophore Emiliania huxleyi in a Published Laboratory Study"
10:20 am - 10:30 amDiscussion
10:30 am - 11:00 amCoffee Break
11:00 am - 11:30 amCharles Stock (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)
"On the Potential for Large Changes in Regional Ocean Productivity and Fish Yields Under Climate Change"
11:30 am - 11:40 amDiscussion
11:40 am - 12:00 pmGeneral Discussion
12:00 pm - 12:30 pmPoster Previews
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 5:30 pmPoster Session
5:30 pm - 7:30 pmCommunicating Multi-Stressor Issues to Policymakers and Managers
Discussion Leader: Philip Williamson (University of East Anglia, United Kingdom)
5:30 pm - 5:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
5:40 pm - 6:05 pmLucia Fanning (Dalhousie University, Canada)
"Value-Added Science: Increasing the Utility of Science for Environmental Management"
6:05 pm - 6:15 pmDiscussion
6:15 pm - 6:40 pmSkyli McAfee (The Nature Conservancy, USA)
"Multiple Stressors, Multiple Solutions, Multiple Agencies: Building Resilience in the Face of Climate Change"
6:40 pm - 6:50 pmDiscussion
6:50 pm - 7:15 pmLibby Jewett (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)
"How Regional Acidification Networks Inform National to Local Decision Makers"
7:15 pm - 7:30 pmDiscussion
8:00 pmDinner
Friday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture
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