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Image Science
Gordon Research Conference

Image Science in Sequence: From Detection to Decision

Dates

June 5-10, 2016

Location

Stonehill College
Easton, MA

Organizers

Chair:
Richard G. Paxman

Vice Chair:
Michael Insana

Meeting Description

The diversity of modern imaging systems continues to grow at a dizzying pace. Imaging systems utilize radiation from Gigahertz to Gamma rays to investigate objects that range from Galaxies to Golgi bodies. Whereas the application areas seeking imaging solutions are broad and varied, they are tied together by a common theoretical framework. One approach to appreciating this underlying framework is to examine the sequence of steps that begins with detection and culminates with decisions. The sequence begins when data are collected with the detection of some sort of radiation. We have devoted a session to Novel Acquisition that explores the future of detectors, including attribute-mode detectors. Acquired data are then processed, based on an overarching acquisition model that includes constituent models for the object, for the intervening media through which radiation propagates, and for the imaging system. Sessions entitled Use of Object Models and Priors, Imaging through Complex Media, and Dynamic Imaging address these constituent models. More complex models are required when multiple imaging systems are used in concert, as treated in Multi-Mode/Multi-Wave Imaging. A session entitled Imaging at the Physical Limits explores the use of models in extreme physical regimes. Processing strategies exploit the identified constituent models. In some instances, additional computations can be invoked to relax the requirements on the imaging-system hardware, as addressed in the Computational Imaging session. Ultimately, processing leads directly (through automation) or indirectly (through a human observer) to decisions designed to increase human utility such as improved patient treatment, increased security, greater understanding of environmental trends, and the discovery of life-compatible exoplanets. The session Decision Making in Image Science explores this vital step in the imaging process. The 2016 Gordon Research Conference on Image Science will provide a unique venue for scientists working in highly varied application areas to share insights regarding the sequential steps from detection to decision, common to all imaging systems.

Contributors

Final Meeting Program

Sunday
2:00 pm - 9:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmDecision Making in Image Science
Discussion Leader: Kyle Myers (Office of Science and Engineering Laboratories, CDRH, FDA, USA)
7:40 pm - 7:50 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:50 pm - 8:25 pmPolina Golland (MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, USA)
"Joint Predictive Modeling of Image and Genetic Data"
8:25 pm - 8:40 pmDiscussion
8:40 pm - 9:15 pmMiles Wernick (Illinois Institute of Technology, USA)
"Machine Learning: From Medical Imaging to Predicting Crime"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Monday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmMulti-Mode/Multi-Wave Imaging
Discussion Leader: William O'Brien (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:45 amRebecca Fahrig (Stanford University, USA / Siemens Healthcare GmbH, Germany)
"Hybrid Systems: Maximizing Performance and Utility"
9:45 am - 10:05 amDiscussion
10:05 am - 10:40 amCoffee Break
10:40 am - 11:15 amMatthew O'Donnell (University of Washington, USA)
"Opto-Acoustic Technologies"
11:15 am - 11:35 amDiscussion
11:35 am - 12:10 pmMeredith Kupinski (University of Arizona, USA)
"Tackling High-Dimensional Small-Sample-Size Problems in Imaging"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
3:00 pm - 4:00 pmPower Hour
The GRC Power Hour is an optional informal gathering open to all meeting participants. It is designed to help address the challenges women face in science and support the professional growth of women in our communities by providing an open forum for discussion and mentoring.
Organizer: Kyle Myers (Office of Science and Engineering Laboratories, CDRH, FDA, USA)
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmNovel Acquisition
Discussion Leader: Joseph Mait (U.S. Army Research Laboratory, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:15 pmEric Fossum (Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, USA)
"Quanta Image Sensor"
8:15 pm - 8:35 pmDiscussion
8:35 pm - 9:10 pmHarrison Barrett (University of Arizona, USA)
"New Roles for Imaging in Precision Medicine"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Tuesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmImaging at the Physical Limits
Discussion Leader: James Fienup (University of Rochester, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:45 amLihong V. Wang (Washington University in St. Louis, USA)
"Redefining the Spatiotemporal Limits of Optical Imaging: Photoacoustic Tomography, Wavefront Engineering, and Compressed Ultrafast Photography"
9:45 am - 10:05 amDiscussion
10:05 am - 10:40 amCoffee Break
10:40 am - 11:15 amIbrahim Cisse (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA)
"Imaging Genome Regulation with Single-Molecule Resolution in Living Cells"
11:15 am - 11:35 amDiscussion
11:35 am - 12:10 pmHenry Chapman (Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Germany)
"Coherent Diffractive X-Ray Imaging at the Molecular Scale"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmUse of Object Models and Priors
Discussion Leader: Craig Abbey (University of California, Santa Barbara, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:15 pmChris Dainty (University College London, United Kingdom)
"Speckle and Imaging Revisited"
8:15 pm - 8:35 pmDiscussion
8:35 pm - 9:10 pmJoseph Webster Stayman (Johns Hopkins University, USA)
"Task-Driven X-Ray CT Using Patient-Specific Anatomical Knowledge"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Wednesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmComputational Imaging
Discussion Leader: Murray Loew (George Washington University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:45 amAshok Veeraraghavan (Rice University, USA)
"Computational Imaging Beyond the Limits Imposed by Lenses"
9:45 am - 10:05 amDiscussion
10:05 am - 10:40 amCoffee Break
10:40 am - 11:15 amLaura Waller (University of California, Berkeley, USA)
"Computational Microscopy for Real-Time 3D Neural Activity Tracking"
11:15 am - 11:35 amDiscussion
11:35 am - 12:10 pmW. Clem Karl (Boston University, USA)
"Discrete-Valued Computational Imaging -- Joint Inversion and Labeling"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmDynamic Imaging
Discussion Leader: James Duncan (Yale University, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:15 pmMathews Jacob (University of Iowa, USA)
"Fine-Resolution Dynamic MRI Using Learned Models"
8:15 pm - 8:35 pmDiscussion
8:35 pm - 9:10 pmYoram Bresler (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA)
"Learning Sparsifying Transforms for Data-Adapted Imaging"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Thursday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmImaging Through Complex Media
Discussion Leader: Thomas Bifano (Boston University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:10 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:10 am - 9:45 amEva Sevick-Muraca (University of Texas at Houston, USA)
"Fluorescence Imaging in Deep Tissues Using Modulated Excitation Light"
9:45 am - 10:05 amDiscussion
10:05 am - 10:40 amCoffee Break
10:40 am - 11:15 amOri Katz (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel)
"Looking Through the Fog: Imaging with Scattered Light"
11:15 am - 11:35 amDiscussion
11:35 am - 12:10 pmJerome Mertz (Boston University, USA)
"Wavefront Sensing in Thick Tissue"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmEmerging Imaging Modalities
Discussion Leader: Abbie Watnik (U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:40 pm - 8:15 pmDimitri Mawet (California Institute of Technology, USA)
"High-Contrast Imaging of Extra-Solar Planets with Machine-Learning Techniques"
8:15 pm - 8:35 pmDiscussion
8:35 pm - 9:10 pmBahaa E.A. Saleh (University of Central Florida, USA)
"Correlation Imaging"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Friday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture

Funding for this conference was made possible (in part) by 1R13EB022361-01 from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering. The views expressed in written conference materials or publications and by speakers and moderators do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the Department of Health and Human Services; nor does mention of trade names, commercial practices, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government.

The views, opinions, and/or findings contained in this report are those of the author(s) and should not be construed as an official Department of the Army position, policy, or decision, unless so designated by other documentation.

This material is based upon work supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under award number FA9550-16-1-0123. Any opinions, finding, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Air Force.
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