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Animal-Microbe Symbioses
Gordon Research Conference

Host-Microbe Associations at the Foundation of the Biosphere

Dates

June 11-16, 2017

Location

Mount Snow
West Dover, VT

Organizers

Chair:
Edward G. Ruby

Vice Chair:
Ute Hentschel

Meeting Description

We are entering an era in which the critical functions of microbes in the biological world are increasingly recognized. One of the largest roles microorganisms play is in their associations with multicellular hosts and, while the history of microbiology has to this point concentrated on pathogenic interactions, both scientists and the public are now aware of the even greater impact that they have on the health and evolution of their plant and animal partners.

The GRC on Animal-Microbe Symbioses seeks to promote the presentation and discussion of the most important and timely research in this exciting area of biology. The range of topics is broad, covering theoretical to the applied approaches, using examples involving viruses, fungi, protists and bacteria, found in marine, freshwater and terrestrial environments. The conference invites junior and senior scientists alike to attend and participate fully in the examination of these topics, and to return to their own work with new insights, ideas and collaborations.

Related Meeting

This GRC was held in conjunction with the "Animal-Microbe Symbioses" Gordon Research Seminar (GRS). Refer to the associated GRS program page for more information.

Contributors

Meeting Program

Sunday
2:00 pm - 9:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmContextual Symbiosis
Discussion Leader: Joerg Graf (University of Connecticut, USA)
7:40 pm - 7:55 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:55 pm - 8:20 pmMartin Blaser (New York University School of Medicine, USA)
"Human Gut Microbiota Perturbation and Disease"
8:20 pm - 8:35 pmDiscussion
8:35 pm - 9:00 pmAnna Seekatz (University of Michigan Medical School, USA)
"The Two Faces of Clostridium difficile Carriage"
9:00 pm - 9:15 pmDiscussion
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmGeneral Discussion
Monday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmSymbiosis in the Anthropocene
Discussion Leader: Christina Tobin Kahrstrom (Nature, United Kingdom)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:40 amTobias Rees (McGill University, Canada)
"Trouble Ahead: An Anthropology of the Anthropology of the Microbiome"
9:40 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:10 amTalk Selected from the GRS
10:10 am - 10:15 amDiscussion
10:15 am - 10:45 amCoffee Break
10:45 am - 11:10 amRuth Gates (University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA)
"Microbial Symbiosis and the Prognosis for Coral Reefs"
11:10 am - 11:25 amDiscussion
11:25 am - 11:40 amTami Lieberman (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA)
"Adaptation and Diversification of Commensal Bacteria Within Humans"
11:40 am - 11:45 amDiscussion
11:45 am - 12:10 pmGloria Dominguez-Bello (New York University, USA)
"Microbiota Development and Impact by Modern Practices"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
3:00 pm - 4:00 pmPower Hour
The GRC Power Hour is an optional informal gathering open to all meeting participants. It is designed to help address the challenges women face in science and support the professional growth of women in our communities by providing an open forum for discussion and mentoring.
Organizer: Ute Hentschel (GEOMAR - Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany)
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmCreating a Conceptual Framework
Discussion Leader: Joao Xavier (Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:10 pmToby Kiers (VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands)
"Evolving Control in Rhizosphere Mutualisms"
8:10 pm - 8:25 pmDiscussion
8:25 pm - 8:40 pmWill Ludington (University of California, Berkeley, USA)
"Probabilistic Invasion Underlies Natural Gut Microbiome Stability"
8:40 pm - 8:45 pmDiscussion
8:45 pm - 9:10 pmJoan Strassmann (Washington University in St. Louis, USA)
"Partner Association and Adaptation in the Dictyostelium: Burkholderia Proto-Farming Symbiosis"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Tuesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
8:30 amGroup Photo
9:00 am - 12:30 pmHe Says, She Says: The Host's Perspective
Discussion Leader: Jo Handelsman (Wisconsin Institutes for Discovery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:40 amJune Round (University of Utah School of Medicine, USA)
"Host Immunity Shapes the Microbiota to Prevent Disease"
9:40 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:10 amAssunta Liberti (University of South Florida, USA)
"Transkingdom Interactions Shaping Gut Microbiomes in the Protochordate, Ciona intestinalis"
10:10 am - 10:15 amDiscussion
10:15 am - 10:45 amCoffee Break
10:45 am - 11:10 amKatrine Whiteson (University of California, Irvine, USA)
"Do Bacteriophages Shape Dynamic Microbial Communities in the Host?"
11:10 am - 11:25 amDiscussion
11:25 am - 11:40 amJulia Polzin (University of Vienna, Austria)
"Understanding Mechanisms of Host-Microbe Interactions in Marine Clams"
11:40 am - 11:45 amDiscussion
11:45 am - 12:10 pmThomas Bosch (Zoological Institute, University of Kiel, Germany)
"Tracing the Origin of the Gut-Brain Axis: Insights from Hydra"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmEmerging Model Systems
Discussion Leader: Luis Teixeira (Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia, Portugal)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:10 pmHinrich Schulenburg (University of Kiel, Germany)
"Caenorhabditis elegans: A New Model of Host-Microbiota Interactions"
8:10 pm - 8:25 pmDiscussion
8:25 pm - 8:40 pmPhillip Cleves (Stanford University, USA)
"Using Transcriptomics and Reverse Genetics to Understand Mechanisms of Cnidarian-Dinoflagellate Symbiosis"
8:40 pm - 8:45 pmDiscussion
8:45 pm - 9:10 pmRodrigo Almeida (University of California, Berkeley, USA)
"Disrupting Symbiotic Interactions to Control the Spread of a Vector-Borne Plant Pathogen"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Wednesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmGetting It Right: The Ecology of Specificity
Discussion Leader: Daniel Distel (Northeastern University, USA)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:40 amNicole Dubilier (Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology, Germany)
"The Ins and Outs of Specificity and Diversity in the Symbioses Between Deep-Sea Mussels and Their Chemosynthetic Symbionts"
9:40 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:10 amMatt Ballinger (University of Victoria, Canada)
"Generality of Toxins in Defensive Symbiosis: Ribosome-inactivating Proteins and Defense Against Parasitic Wasps in Drosophila"
10:10 am - 10:15 amDiscussion
10:15 am - 10:45 amCoffee Break
10:45 am - 11:10 amGarret Suen (University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA)
"Maintenance of a Specific Microbiota in the Cow Rumen as Demonstrated by Whole-Rumen Contents Exchange"
11:10 am - 11:25 amDiscussion
11:25 am - 11:40 amJohn Burns (American Museum of Natural History, USA)
"Green for Good? A Snapshot of a Vertebrate-Alga Endosymbiosis by Dual RNA-Seq"
11:40 am - 11:45 amDiscussion
11:45 am - 12:10 pmMargaret McFall-Ngai (University of Hawaii, USA)
"Host Mechanisms for Ensuring Partner Fidelity in Symbiosis"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmIMAGEne That! Visualizing Symbiotic Interactions at the Micron Scale
Discussion Leader: Angela Douglas (Cornell University, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:10 pmGary Borisy (Forsyth Institute, USA)
"Mapping Microbiomes at the Micron Scale"
8:10 pm - 8:25 pmDiscussion
8:25 pm - 8:40 pmJanna Nawroth (Emulate Inc., USA)
"Motile Cilia Facilitate the Active Recruitment of the Host Microbiome"
8:40 pm - 8:45 pmDiscussion
8:45 pm - 9:10 pmAnders Meibom (Laboratory for Biological Geochemistry (LGB), EPFL, Switzerland)
"NanoSIMS Subcellular Isotopic Imaging of Metabolic Interactions and Molecular Signaling in Symbiotic Marine Organisms"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Thursday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmDiversity Rules: Multi-Kingdom Symbioses
Discussion Leader: Andreas Schramm (Aarhus University, Denmark)
9:00 am - 9:15 amIntroduction by Discussion Leader
9:15 am - 9:40 amNancy Moran (University of Texas at Austin, USA)
"Evolution of Socially Transmitted Gut Microbiota in Bees"
9:40 am - 9:55 amDiscussion
9:55 am - 10:10 amJacquelynn Benjamino (University of Connecticut, USA)
"Insights into the Physiology of Endosymbiotic Bacteria of Two Protist Species Living in the Hindgut of the Termite, Reticulitermes flavipes"
10:10 am - 10:15 amDiscussion
10:15 am - 10:45 amCoffee Break
10:45 am - 11:10 amHeidi Goodrich-Blair (University of Tennessee, Knoxville, USA)
"To Give or to Take: Bacterial Regulation of Conflicting Symbiotic Behaviors with Invertebrates"
11:10 am - 11:25 amDiscussion
11:25 am - 11:40 amShantanu Shukla (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Germany)
"The Role of Microbiome Regulation in Carcass Preservation by a Burying Beetle"
11:40 am - 11:45 amDiscussion
11:45 am - 12:10 pmMarilyn Roossinck (Pennsylvania State University, USA)
"Viruses as Symbionts in Complex Holobionts"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmSolving Problems with Symbioses
Discussion Leader: Jessica Metcalf (Colorado State University, USA)
7:30 pm - 7:45 pmIntroduction by Discussion Leader
7:45 pm - 8:10 pmMark Morrison (Diamantina Institute, University of Queensland, Australia)
"Methane Matters, in Animals and Man"
8:10 pm - 8:25 pmDiscussion
8:25 pm - 8:40 pmThomas Smith (University of Texas at Austin, USA)
"Chemical Metagenomics of an Anti-HIV Compound from Uncultivated Symbionts"
8:40 pm - 8:45 pmDiscussion
8:45 pm - 9:10 pmLiping Zhao (Rutgers University, USA / Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China)
"Foundation Species and Guilds: Ecological Concepts for Understanding Microbiome Functions in Human Disease and Health"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Friday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture
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