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Ocean Biogeochemistry
Gordon Research Conference

The Biologically-Driven Ocean Carbon Pumps

Dates

June 12-17, 2016

Location

The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong, China

Organizers

Chairs:
Nianzhi Jiao & Eileen E. Hofmann

Vice Chairs:
Louis Legendre & Sylvia Sander

Hong Kong Advisory Board:
Tony F. Chan, Kathryn Song Eng Cheah, Fanny M.C. Cheung, Arthur B. Ellis, Barry Halliwell, Nancy Ip, Jian Lu, Peter Mathieson, Alfonso Ngan, Paul Tam, Benjamin Wah, Henry Wong, Vivian Wing-Wah Yam, Kenneth Young & Albert Cheung-Hoi Yu More Information

Meeting Description

Biogeochemistry is one of the fastest growing disciplines in ocean sciences, hence the new Gordon Research Conference on Ocean Biogeochemistry. Biogeochemistry deals with the effects of living organisms on the concentrations of chemical elements in the different reservoirs of Earth (lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere) and with the cycles of chemical elements among reservoirs.

The first GRC on Ocean Biogeochemistry is devoted to The biologically-driven ocean carbon pumps. In future years, the Conference will address the cycles of various chemical elements that are involved in different aspects of life (including N, P, O, Fe, Si, Ca), play active roles in climate (including C, S, N), and participate in the long-term storage of carbon (including C, Ca, Si). It will consider the continuum between the past, present, and future ocean; explore observational, experimental, and modeling approaches; address the neritic, oceanic, and deep environments in the water column, and the sea bottom below; discuss the roles of photosynthetic, chemosynthetic, and heterotrophic organisms; and tackle both fundamental questions and environmental problems of concern to society.

By bringing together the international community of marine biogeochemists, the Conference will provide a unique, international forum for the development of ocean biogeochemistry, and thus become the cradle for novel ideas.

Contributors

Final Meeting Program

Sunday
2:00 pm - 8:00 pmArrival and Check-in
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 7:40 pmWelcome / Introductory Comments by GRC Site Staff
7:40 pm - 9:30 pmThe Ocean Carbon Pumps: From Ancient to Future Oceans
Discussion Leader: Susana Agusti (King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia)
7:40 pm - 8:20 pmAndy Ridgwell (University of California, Riverside, USA)
"Biological Carbon Pumping in Deep Time: The Force Awakens"
8:20 pm - 8:35 pmDiscussion
8:35 pm - 9:15 pmFortunat Joos (University of Bern, Switzerland)
"Changes in Ocean Biogeochemistry and Carbon Pumps: Examples from the Past and Projections for the Future"
9:15 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Monday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmThe Biological Carbon Pump
Discussion Leader: Chuanlun Zhang (Tongji University, China)
9:00 am - 9:40 amSarah Giering (National Oceanography Centre, United Kingdom)
"Interior Mechanisms of Flux Attenuation: Who Eats the Carbon?"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amGroup Photo / Coffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amStephanie Henson (National Oceanography Centre, United Kingdom)
"Variability in Efficiency of the Biological Carbon Pump"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmSusanne Neuer (Arizona State University, USA)
"A Hitchhiker's Guide to the Abyss: Organisms' Role in the Biological Carbon Pump"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmThe Carbonate Pump
Discussion Leader: Dieter Wolf-Gladrow (Alfred Wegener Institute, Germany)
7:30 pm - 8:10 pmMarion Gehlen (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, France)
"The Carbonate Counter-Pump: Potential Changes Under Climate Change and Ocean Acidification"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pmRichard Zeebe (University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA)
"Calcium Carbonate Pumping: Fundamentals, Evolution Through Time, and Future Feedbacks"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Tuesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmThe Microbial Carbon Pump and the Roles of Microbes
Discussion Leader: Farooq Azam (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, USA)
9:00 am - 9:40 amRonald Benner (University of South Carolina, USA)
"Origins and Fates of Marine Organic Matter"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amGerhard Herndl (University of Vienna, Austria)
"Microbial Transformation of Organic Carbon in the Dark Ocean: From Bulk Measurements to Individual Molecules"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmRichard Rivkin (Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada)
"Microbial Mediation of Ocean Carbon Pumps: Patterns and Processes"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
2:00 pm - 4:00 pmPoster Session
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmIron and Other Trace Metals: Roles in Carbon Pumps
Discussion Leader: Christel Hassler (University of Geneva, Switzerland)
4:00 pm - 4:40 pmChristopher German (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, USA)
"Coupling of Hydrothermal Fe and Organic C in the Deep Ocean System"
4:40 pm - 5:00 pmDiscussion
5:00 pm - 5:40 pmCecile Guieu (Laboratoire d'Oceanographie de Villefranche, France)
"The Role of Atmospheric Deposition in Ocean Biogeochemistry and Biological Carbon Pump"
5:40 pm - 6:00 pmDiscussion
6:00 pmDinner
Wednesday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmSilicon, Nitrogen and Phosphorus: Roles in Carbon Pumps
Discussion Leader: Christiane Lancelot (Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium)
9:00 am - 9:40 amRichard Dugdale (Romberg Tiburon Center, San Francisco State University, USA)
"Silicate Pumping of Carbon in Coastal Upwelling Ecosystems"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amPaul Treguer (Université de Bretagne Occidentale, France)
"The Role of Silicifiers in the Biological Carbon Pump"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmTron Frede Thingstad (University of Bergen, Norway)
"Top-Down Controls in the Microbial Food Web and Its Consequences for the Carbon Pumps"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmPoster Session
6:00 pmDinner
7:00 pm - 7:30 pmBusiness Meeting
Nominations for the Next Vice Chair; Fill in Conference Evaluation Forms; Discuss Future Site and Scheduling Preferences; Election of the Next Vice Chair
7:30 pm - 9:30 pmMethane and Sulfur: Roles in Carbon Pumps
Discussion Leader: Chao Li (China University of Geosciences (Wuhan), China)
7:30 pm - 8:10 pmFengping Wang (Shanghai JiaoTong University, China)
"Microbe Mediated Methane Cycling in the Ocean"
8:10 pm - 8:30 pmDiscussion
8:30 pm - 9:10 pmMaurice Levasseur (Laval University, Canada)
"When Biogenic Carbon and Sulfur Go Hand in Hand: What 25 Years of Research on Ocean Biogenic Sulfur Brought to the Carbon Pumps Science?"
9:10 pm - 9:30 pmDiscussion
Thursday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 am - 12:30 pmInteractions Among the Three Ocean Carbon Pumps
Discussion Leader: Xiqiu Han (Second Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Adminstration, China)
9:00 am - 9:40 amEun Young Kwon (Seoul National University, South Korea)
"The Impact of the Oceanic Carbon Pumps on Atmospheric CO2 from the Past to the Present: An Insight from Numerical Modeling Studies"
9:40 am - 10:00 amDiscussion
10:00 am - 10:30 amCoffee Break
10:30 am - 11:10 amUta Passow (University of California, Santa Barbara, USA)
"To Sink or Not to Sink, That Is the Question"
11:10 am - 11:30 amDiscussion
11:30 am - 12:10 pmCarol Robinson (University of East Anglia, United Kingdom)
"Microbial Respiration-Linking the Ocean Carbon Pumps"
12:10 pm - 12:30 pmDiscussion
12:30 pmLunch
1:30 pm - 4:00 pmFree Time
4:00 pm - 6:00 pmThe Ocean Carbon Pumps and Society
Discussion Leader: Rachel Gjelsvik Tiller (SINTEF Fisheries and Aquaculture, Norway)
4:00 pm - 4:40 pmQingchen Chao (National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, China)
"Ocean Carbon Sequestration and Post-Paris Climate Change Regime"
4:40 pm - 5:00 pmDiscussion
5:00 pm - 5:40 pmAreti Kontogianni (University of Western Macedonia, Greece)
"What if the Biological Pump Fails? The Insurance Value of Resilient Oceans"
5:40 pm - 6:00 pmDiscussion
6:00 pmDinner
Friday
7:30 am - 8:30 amBreakfast
9:00 amDeparture

Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material/event (or by members of the project team) do not reflect the views of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Innovation and Technology Commission or the Vetting Committee of the General Support Programme of the Innovation and Technology Fund.
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